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ISO 639 Codes for the
Representation of Names
of Languages


Codes arranged alphabetically by Alpha-3 Code


Table of Contents

A-B-- aar to byn M-N -- mac to nzi
C-D -- cad to dzo O-P -- oci to pus
E-F -- efi to fur Q-R -- qaa to rus
G-H -- gaa to hup S-T -- sad to tyv
I-J -- iba to jrb U-Z -- udm to zun
K-L -- kaa to lus  

ISO 639-2 is the alpha-3 code. Where two codes are provided (22 languages total) the bibliographic code is given first and the terminology code is given second.

ISO 639-1 is the alpha-2 code. Multiple codes for the same language are to be considered synonyms.

A-B

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
aar aa Afar afar
abk ab Abkhazian abkhaze
ace   Achinese aceh
ach   Acoli acoli
ada   Adangme adangme
ady   Adyghe; Adygei adyghé
afa   Afro-Asiatic (Other) afro-asiatiques, autres langues
afh   Afrihili afrihili
afr af Afrikaans afrikaans
aka ak Akan akan
akk   Akkadian akkadien
alb/sqi* sq Albanian albanais
ale   Aleut aléoute
alg   Algonquian languages algonquines, langues
amh am Amharic amharique
ang   English, Old (ca.450-1100) anglo-saxon (ca.450-1100)
apa   Apache languages apache
ara ar Arabic arabe
arc   Aramaic araméen
arg an Aragonese aragonais
arm/hye* hy Armenian arménien
arn   Araucanian araucan
arp   Arapaho arapaho
art   Artificial (Other) artificielles, autres langues
arw   Arawak arawak
asm as Assamese assamais
ast   Asturian; Bable asturien; bable
ath   Athapascan languages athapascanes, langues
aus   Australian languages australiennes, langues
ava av Avaric avar
ave ae Avestan avestique
awa   Awadhi awadhi
aym ay Aymara aymara
aze az Azerbaijani azéri
bad   Banda banda
bai   Bamileke languages bamilékés, langues
bak ba Bashkir bachkir
bal   Baluchi baloutchi
bam bm Bambara bambara
ban   Balinese balinais
baq/eus* eu Basque basque
bas   Basa basa
bat   Baltic (Other) baltiques, autres langues
bej   Beja bedja
bel be Belarusian biélorusse
bem   Bemba bemba
ben bn Bengali bengali
ber   Berber (Other) berbères, autres langues
bho   Bhojpuri bhojpuri
bih bh Bihari bihari
bik   Bikol bikol
bin   Bini bini
bis bi Bislama bichlamar
bla   Siksika blackfoot
bnt   Bantu (Other) bantoues, autres langues
tib/bod* bo Tibetan tibétain
bos bs Bosnian bosniaque
bra   Braj braj
bre br Breton breton
btk   Batak (Indonesia) batak (Indonésie)
bua   Buriat bouriate
bug   Buginese bugi
bul bg Bulgarian bulgare
bur/mya* my Burmese birman
byn   Blin; Bilin blin; bilen

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C-D

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
cad   Caddo caddo
cai   Central American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique centrale,
autres langues
car   Carib caribe
cat ca Catalan; Valencian catalan; valencien
cau   Caucasian (Other) caucasiennes, autres langues
ceb   Cebuano cebuano
cel   Celtic (Other) celtiques, autres langues
cze/ces* cs Czech tchèque
cha ch Chamorro chamorro
chb   Chibcha chibcha
che ce Chechen tchétchène
chg   Chagatai djaghataï
chi/zho* zh Chinese chinois
chk   Chuukese chuuk
chm   Mari mari
chn   Chinook jargon chinook, jargon
cho   Choctaw choctaw
chp   Chipewyan chipewyan
chr   Cherokee cherokee
chu
cu
Church Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic
slavon d'église; vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare
chv cv Chuvash tchouvache
chy   Cheyenne cheyenne
cmc   Chamic languages chames, langues
cop   Coptic copte
cor kw Cornish cornique
cos co Corsican corse
cpe
  Creoles and pidgins, English based (Other)
créoles et pidgins anglais, autres
cpf
  Creoles and pidgins, French-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins français, autres
cpp   Creoles and pidgins,
Portuguese-based (Other)
créoles et pidgins portugais, autres
cre cr Cree cree
crh   Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish tatar de Crimé
crp   Creoles and pidgins (Other) créoles et pidgins divers
csb   Kashubian kachoube
cus   Cushitic (Other) couchitiques, autres langues
wel/cym* cy Welsh gallois
cze/ces* cs Czech tchèque
dak   Dakota dakota
dan da Danish danois
dar   Dargwa dargwa
day   Dayak dayak
del   Delaware delaware
den   Slave (Athapascan) esclave (athapascan)
ger/deu* de German allemand
dgr   Dogrib dogrib
din   Dinka dinka
div dv Divehi maldivien
doi   Dogri dogri
dra   Dravidian (Other) dravidiennes, autres langues
dsb   Lower Sorbian bas-sorabe
dua   Duala douala
dum   Dutch, Middle (ca.1050-1350) néerlandais moyen (ca. 1050-1350)
dut/nld* nl Dutch; Flemish néerlandais; flamand
dyu   Dyula dioula
dzo dz Dzongkha dzongkha

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E-F

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
efi   Efik efik
egy   Egyptian (Ancient) égyptien
eka   Ekajuk ekajuk
gre/ell* el Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453)
elx   Elamite élamite
eng en English anglais
enm   English, Middle (1100-1500) anglais moyen (1100-1500)
epo eo Esperanto espéranto
est et Estonian estonien
baq/eus* eu Basque basque
ewe ee Ewe éwé
ewo   Ewondo éwondo
fan   Fang fang
fao fo Faroese féroïen
per/fas* fa Persian persan
fat   Fanti fanti
fij fj Fijian fidjien
fin fi Finnish finnois
fiu   Finno-Ugrian (Other) finno-ougriennes, autres langues
fon   Fon fon
fre/fra* fr French français
frm   French, Middle (ca.1400-1800) français moyen (1400-1800)
fro   French, Old (842-ca.1400) français ancien (842-ca.1400)
fry fy Frisian frison
ful ff Fulah peul
fur
 
Friulian
frioulan

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G-H

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
gaa   Ga ga
gay   Gayo gayo
gba   Gbaya gbaya
gem   Germanic (Other) germaniques, autres langues
geo/kat* ka Georgian géorgien
ger/deu* de German allemand
gez   Geez guèze
gil   Gilbertese kiribati
gla gd Gaelic; Scottish Gaelic gaélique; gaélique écossais
gle ga Irish irlandais
glg gl Gallegan galicien
glv gv Manx manx; mannois
gmh   German, Middle High (ca.1050-1500) allemand, moyen haut (ca. 1050-1500)
goh   German, Old High (ca.750-1050) allemand, vieux haut (ca. 750-1050)
gon   Gondi gond
gor   Gorontalo gorontalo
got   Gothic gothique
grb   Grebo grebo
grc   Greek, Ancient (to 1453) grec ancien (jusqu'à 1453)
gre/ell* el Greek, Modern (1453-) grec moderne (après 1453)
grn gn Guarani guarani
guj gu Gujarati goudjrati
gwi   Gwich´in gwich´in
hai   Haida haida
hat ht Haitian; Haitian Creole haïtien; créole haïtien
hau ha Hausa haoussa
haw   Hawaiian hawaïen
heb he Hebrew hébreu
her hz Herero herero
hil   Hiligaynon hiligaynon
him   Himachali himachali
hin hi Hindi hindi
hit   Hittite hittite
hmn   Hmong hmong
hmo ho Hiri Motu hiri motu
scr/hrv* hr Croatian croate
hsb   Upper Sorbian haut-sorabe
hun hu Hungarian hongrois
hup   Hupa hupa
arm/hye* hy Armenian arménien

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I-J

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
iba   Iban iban
ibo ig Igbo igbo
ice/isl* is Icelandic islandais
ido io Ido ido
iii ii Sichuan Yi yi de Sichuan
ijo   Ijo ijo
iku iu Inuktitut inuktitut
ile ie Interlingue interlingue
ilo   Iloko ilocano
ina ia Interlingua (International Auxiliary
Language Association)
interlingua (langue
auxiliaire internationale)
inc   Indic (Other) indo-aryennes, autres langues
ind id Indonesian indonésien
ine   Indo-European (Other) indo-européennes, autres langues
inh   Ingush ingouche
ipk ik Inupiaq inupiaq
ira   Iranian (Other) iraniennes, autres langues
iro   Iroquoian languages iroquoises, langues (famille)
ice/isl* is Icelandic islandais
ita it Italian italien
jav jv Javanese javanais
jbo   Lojban lojban
jpn ja Japanese japonais
jpr   Judeo-Persian judéo-persan
jrb   Judeo-Arabic judéo-arabe

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K-L

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
kaa   Kara-Kalpak karakalpak
kab   Kabyle kabyle
kac   Kachin kachin
kal kl Kalaallisut; Greenlandic groenlandais
kam   Kamba kamba
kan kn Kannada kannada
kar   Karen karen
kas ks Kashmiri kashmiri
geo/kat* ka Georgian géorgien
kau kr Kanuri kanouri
kaw   Kawi kawi
kaz kk Kazakh kazakh
kbd   Kabardian kabardien
kha   Khasi khasi
khi   Khoisan (Other) khoisan, autres langues
khm km Khmer khmer
kho   Khotanese khotanais
kik ki Kikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu
kin rw Kinyarwanda rwanda
kir ky Kirghiz kirghize
kmb   Kimbundu kimbundu
kok   Konkani konkani
kom kv Komi kom
kon kg Kongo kongo
kor ko Korean coréen
kos   Kosraean kosrae
kpe   Kpelle kpellé
krc   Karachay-Balkar karatchaï balkar
kro   Kru krou
kru   Kurukh kurukh
kua kj Kuanyama; Kwanyama kuanyama; kwanyama
kum   Kumyk koumyk
kur ku Kurdish kurde
kut   Kutenai kutenai
lad   Ladino judéo-espagnol
lah   Lahnda lahnda
lam   Lamba lamba
lao lo Lao lao
lat la Latin latin
lav lv Latvian letton
lez   Lezghian lezghien
lim li Limburgan; Limburger; Limburgish limbourgeois
lin ln Lingala lingala
lit lt Lithuanian lituanien
lol   Mongo mongo
loz   Lozi lozi
ltz lb Luxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois
lua   Luba-Lulua luba-lulua
lub lu Luba-Katanga luba-katanga
lug lg Ganda ganda
lui   Luiseno luiseno
lun   Lunda lunda
luo   Luo (Kenya and Tanzania) luo (Kenya et Tanzanie)
lus   lushai Lushai

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M-N

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
mac/mkd* mk Macedonian macédonien
mad   Madurese madourais
mag   Magahi magahi
mah mh Marshallese marshall
mai   Maithili maithili
mak   Makasar makassar
mal ml Malayalam malayalam
man   Mandingo mandingue
mao/mri* mi Maori maori
map   Austronesian (Other) malayo-polynésiennes,
autres langues
mar mr Marathi marathe
mas   Masai massaï
may/msa* ms Malay malais
mdf   Moksha moksa
mdr   Mandar mandar
men   Mende mendé
mga   Irish, Middle (900-1200) irlandais moyen (900-1200)
mic   Micmac micmac
min   Minangkabau minangkabau
mis   Miscellaneous languages diverses, langues
mac/mkd* mk Macedonian macédonien
mkh   Mon-Khmer (Other) môn-khmer, autres langues
mlg mg Malagasy malgache
mlt mt Maltese maltais
mnc   Manchu mandchou
mni   Manipuri manipuri
mno   Manobo languages manobo, langues
moh   Mohawk mohawk
mol mo Moldavian moldave
mon mn Mongolian mongol
mos   Mossi moré
mao/mri* mi Maori maori
may/msa* ms Malay malais
mul   Multiple languages multilingue
mun   Munda languages mounda, langues
mus   Creek muskogee
mwr   Marwari marvari
bur/mya* my Burmese birman
myn   Mayan languages maya, langues
myv   Erzya erza
nah   Nahuatl nahuatl
nai   North American Indian indiennes d'Amérique du Nord,
autres langues
nap   Neapolitan napolitain
nau na Nauru nauruan
nav nv Navajo; Navaho navaho
nbl nr Ndebele, South; South Ndebele ndébélé du Sud
nde nd Ndebele, North; North Ndebele ndébélé du Nord
ndo ng Ndonga ndonga
nds   Low German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low bas allemand; bas saxon; allemand, bas; saxon, bas
nep ne Nepali népalais
new   Newari newari
nia   Nias nias
nic   Niger-Kordofanian (Other) nigéro-congolaises, autres langues
niu   Niuean niué
dut/nld* nl Dutch; Flemish néerlandais; flamand
nno nn Norwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien
nob nb Norwegian Bokmål; Bokmål, Norwegian norvégien bokmål; bokmål, norvégien
nog   Nogai nogaï; nogay
non   Norse, Old norrois, vieux
nor no Norwegian norvégien
nso   Sotho, Northern sotho du Nord
nub   Nubian languages nubiennes, langues
nwc   Classical Newari; Old Newari newari classique
nya ny Chichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja
nym   Nyamwezi nyamwezi
nyn   Nyankole nyankolé
nyo   Nyoro nyoro
nzi   Nzima nzema

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O-P

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
oci oc Occitan (post 1500); Provençal occitan (après 1500); provençal
oji oj Ojibwa ojibwa
ori or Oriya oriya
orm om Oromo galla
osa   Osage osage
oss os Ossetian; Ossetic ossète
ota   Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928) turc ottoman (1500-1928)
oto   Otomian languages otomangue, langues
paa   Papuan (Other) papoues, autres langues
pag   Pangasinan pangasinan
pal   Pahlavi pahlavi
pam   Pampanga pampangan
pan pa Panjabi; Punjabi pendjabi
pap   Papiamento papiamento
pau   Palauan palau
peo   Persian, Old (ca.600-400 B.C.) perse, vieux (ca. 600-400 av. J.-C.)
per/fas* fa Persian persan
phi   Philippine (Other) philippines, autres langues
phn   Phoenician phénicien
pli pi Pali pali
pol pl Polish polonais
pon   Pohnpeian pohnpei
por pt Portuguese portugais
pra   Prakrit languages prâkrit
pro   Provençal, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à 1500)
pus ps Pushto pachto

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Q-R

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
qaa-qtz   Reserved for local use réservée à l'usage local
que qu Quechua quechua
raj   Rajasthani rajasthani
rap   Rapanui rapanui
rar   Rarotongan rarotonga
roa
Romance (Other)
romanes, autres langues
roh rm Raeto-Romance rhéto-roman
rom   Romany tsigane
rum/ron* ro Romanian roumain
run rn Rundi rundi
rus ru Russian russe

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S-T

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
sad   Sandawe sandawe
sag sg Sango sango
sah   Yakut iakoute
sai   South American Indian (Other) indiennes d'Amérique du Sud,
autres langues
sal   Salishan languages salish, langues
sam   Samaritan Aramaic samaritain
san sa Sanskrit sanskrit
sas   Sasak sasak
sat   Santali santal
scc/srp* sr Serbian serbe
sco   Scots écossais
scr/hrv* hr Croatian croate
sel   Selkup selkoupe
sem   Semitic (Other) sémitiques, autres langues
sga   Irish, Old (to 900) irlandais ancien (jusqu'à 900)
sgn   Sign Languages langues des signes
shn   Shan chan
sid   Sidamo sidamo
sin si Sinhalese singhalais
sio   Siouan languages sioux, langues
sit   Sino-Tibetan (Other) sino-tibétaines, autres langues
sla   Slavic (Other) slaves, autres langues
slo/slk* sk Slovak slovaque
slv sl Slovenian slovène
sma   Southern Sami sami du Sud
sme se Northern Sami sami du Nord
smi   Sami languages (Other) sami, autres langues
smj   Lule Sami sami de Lule
smn   Inari Sami sami d'Inari
smo sm Samoan samoan
sms   Skolt Sami sami skolt
sna sn Shona shona
snd sd Sindhi sindhi
snk   Soninke soninké
sog   Sogdian sogdien
som so Somali somali
son   Songhai songhai
sot st Sotho, Southern sotho du Sud
spa es Spanish; Castilian espagnol; castillan
alb/sqi*
sq
Albanian
albanais
srd sc Sardinian sarde
scc/srp* sr Serbian serbe
srr   Serer sérère
ssa   Nilo-Saharan (Other) nilo-sahariennes, autres langues
ssw ss Swati swati
suk   Sukuma sukuma
sun su Sundanese soundanais
sus   Susu soussou
sux   Sumerian sumérien
swa sw Swahili swahili
swe sv Swedish suédois
syr   Syriac syriaque
tah ty Tahitian tahitien
tai   Tai (Other) thaïes, autres langues
tam ta Tamil tamoul
tat tt Tatar tatar
tel te Telugu télougou
tem   Timne temne
ter   Tereno tereno
tet   Tetum tetum
tgk tg Tajik tadjik
tgl tl Tagalog tagalog
tha th Thai thaï
tib/bod* bo Tibetan tibétain
tig   Tigre tigré
tir ti Tigrinya tigrigna
tiv   Tiv tiv
tkl   Tokelau tokelau
tlh   Klingon; tlhlngan-Hol klingon
tli   Tlingit tlingit
tmh   Tamashek tamacheq
tog   Tonga (Nyasa) tonga (Nyasa)
ton to Tonga (Tonga Islands) tongan (Îles Tonga)
tpi   Tok Pisin tok pisin
tsi   Tsimshian tsimshian
tsn tn Tswana tswana
tso ts Tsonga tsonga
tuk tk Turkmen turkmène
tum   Tumbuka tumbuka
tup   Tupi languages tupi, langues
tur tr Turkish turc
tut   Altaic (Other) altaïques, autres langues
tvl   Tuvalu tuvalu
twi tw Twi twi
tyv   Tuvinian touva

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U-Z

639-2 639-1 Language Name
(English)
Language Name
(French)
udm   Udmurt oudmourte
uga   Ugaritic ougaritique
uig ug Uighur ouïgour
ukr uk Ukrainian ukrainien
umb   Umbundu umbundu
und   Undetermined indéterminée
urd ur Urdu ourdou
uzb uz Uzbek ouszbek
vai   Vai vaï
ven ve Venda venda
vie vi Vietnamese vietnamien
vol vo Volapük volapük
vot   Votic vote
wak   Wakashan languages wakashennes, langues
wal   Walamo walamo
war   Waray waray
was   Washo washo
wel/cym* cy Welsh gallois
wen   Sorbian languages sorabes, langues
wln wa Walloon wallon
wol wo Wolof wolof
xal   Kalmyk kalmouk
xho xh Xhosa xhosa
yao   Yao yao
yap   Yapese yapois
yid yi Yiddish yiddish
yor yo Yoruba yoruba
ypk   Yupik languages yupik, langues
zap   Zapotec zapotèque
zen   Zenaga zenaga
zha za Zhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang
chi/zho* zh Chinese chinois
znd   Zande zandé
zul zu Zulu zoulou
zun   Zuni zuni

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This table is from the US Library of Congress website:
http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/langhome.html


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